Gum (periodontal) treatments
Periodontics is the area of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases that affect the gums, bone and supporting tissues of the teeth. Gum disease is a very common problem and is now the leading cause of tooth loss amongst adults, with many people experiencing some form of gum disease during their lifetime.
Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria which forms daily on the surface of teeth and gums and causes the enamel to decay. If plaque is not removed by twice-daily brushing and regular interdental cleaning it builds up over time, becoming hard and forming what is known as tartar that brushing alone cannot remove.
Only professional ‘deep cleaning’ by a dentist or dental hygienist can successfully remove tartar. The longer plaque and tartar remain on the teeth, the more damage will be caused, resulting in irritation of the gums, making them red and swollen with a tendency to bleed, especially during brushing. This condition is called gingivitis, which is a significant yet treatable form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with careful brushing and flossing, and regular visits to the dental hygienist.
If gingivitis is left untreated the gums and bone that anchor the teeth can start to erode and recede, causing teeth to become loose, or possibly fall out completely. This is known as periodontal disease for which there is no specific cure. Depending on the severity of the condition it can be controlled through careful oral care and special treatment from your dentist and dental hygienist.
At Hazelwood Dental Practice our dentists and dental hygienists always carry out a thorough examination of your gums during routine dental examinations to ensure any sign of gum disease is spotted early and treated.
Your hygienist can show you how to brush properly and how to use floss and inter-dental brushes to remove food debris and plaque from places your toothbrush simply can’t reach.
If you are worried about your teeth and gums or would like further information about periodontal treatment please do not hesitate to get in touch to arrange a consultation.
Periodontal Disease and systemic health
Your mouth is a gateway to your body and there has been significant two way relationship between smoking, diabetes and cardiovascular disease and periodontal disease. At Hazelwood Dental Practice we take great care in ensuring those who at risk are identified and treated to our exceptional standards of care.